Forced labour offences are set out in Division 270 Subsection C of the Criminal Code Act 1995 (Cth) (Criminal Code)


Forced labour is defined in s 270.6 of the Criminal Code as:

“the condition of a person (the victim) who provides labour or services if, because of the use of coercion, threat or deception, a reasonable person in the position of the victim would not consider himself or herself to be free:

(a) to cease providing the labour or services; or

(b) to leave the place or area where the victim provides the labour or services


Under s 270.6A of the Criminal Code it is an offence to:

  • Cause a person to enter into or remain in forced labour; or
  • Conduct a business involving forced labour.

An offence is committed if a person conducts any business which involves the forced labour of another person (or persons). Each offence carries a maximum penalty of 12 years imprisonment.


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